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Seahorse Park - Facts & Figures
under construction? why of course!
| Species/geographical distribution | Size/Food/Breeding
| Commercial/Medical/Biological Trivia | Literature/Media
The Seahorse is a Fish. Seahorse Park is a cyberspace about everything you
can think of relating to Seahorses. Seahorse Genus: Hippocampus. Species
count: about 35 worldwide. The world's specialist on Seahorses is Amanda
Vincent, Canadian zoologist.
12 Species of the genus Hippocampus
& Geographical distribution*
- H. ingens
- West coast of (sub)tropical North-, Central- and South America
- H. hippocampus
- Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic Sea from Morrocco through South-east
- H. reidi
- South America's West coast through Carribean, Mexico, Florida
- H. erectus
- East coast of North, Central and South America from Argentina through
- H. zosterae
- Gulf of Mexico and Carribean
- H. comes
- Far East coast from Taiwan through Indonesia
- H. histrix
- Indian Ocean, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Far East through Japan, Australia
- H. abdominalis
- New Zealand, South and East Australia
- H. bargibanti
- H. breviceps
- South- and East Australia
- H. whitei
- H. fuscus
- Tropical coasts of Indian Ocean
- Seahorse species (35) vary in size from 2.5 to 35 cm (sorry, inches
- The main food for the seahorse is shrimp and other Crustaceans. In
aquaria, it is difficult to provide them with the fresh food and/or environmental
circumstances they seem to need.
- Keeping a seahorse alive for more than one year seems to be very improbable.
We can not advise on breeding Seahorses. It is possible to buy live Seahorses,
but successful breeding can not be predicted. They "contract manyfold
bacterial, fungial, and parasitic ailments - and fish veterinary science
is in its infancy"*.
- Roughly 20 million live and dead seahorses were traded legally internationally
- Primarily the seahorses are used for medicines and aphrodisiacs in
Asia. However, they are also used for aquariums, curios and food all around
- The Chinese believe that seahorses cure everything from asthma to
- Their ability to change color is even stronger than the well known
Chameleon. It is observed that this happens for reasons of safety (camouflage)
as well as reacting to other seahorses, expressing emotions.
- The H. hippocampus develops skin filaments to camouflage, and looks
like sea weed. H. bargibanti does this to look like coral.
- An organisation actively studying the seahorses is the Darwin Survival
of Species program on the Biodiversity Convention.
- The female seahorse can lay about 200 eggs and the father caries the
eggs until they hatch.
- *Vincent, Amanda: ARTICLE-"The Improbable Seahorse"-National
Geographic 186/4 October 1994 pp126-140.
- Vincent, Amanda: VIDEO-"The secret life of Seahorses"-BBC/QED
Juli 11, 1996.
- Disney Company, The Walt: ANIMATION VIDEO-"The little Mermaid/The
wild Seahorse" Dutch VHS cassette: 8711875166518, 1992.
- Quotes from Eindhovens Dagblad, The Netherlands [in Dutch only]:
Send your Seahorse Mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
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